Florida Polytechnic University

Florida Polytechnic University

Architecte
Santiago Calatrava

Alfonso Architects
Lieu
United States | View Map
Année du projet
2014
Catégorie
Universités
Histoires par
Santiago Calatrava

BEGA
© Santiago Calatrava, LLC

Florida Polytechnic University

Santiago Calatrava en tant que Architectes.

The new Florida Polytechnic University - whose 170 acre campus and iconic central building were designed by architect Santiago Calatrava - will formally mark its opening on August 16 with a ceremony at the campus in Lakeland, Florida. The university is Florida’s 12th and newest member of the State University System and will welcome its first students later this month.


The main building – the Innovation, Science, and Technology Building - has been finished on schedule and under the $60 million budget. Located on the north side of the central lake it is designed around, the exterior of the 200,000 sq. ft. building is made up of aluminum, aluminum cladding, concrete and glass. The interior is made of concrete flooring and columns, plaster, steel and glass. It will function as the primary campus facility - housing classrooms, laboratories, offices, meeting spaces and even an amphitheater for larger events. On the second floor, offices and meeting rooms are arranged around the “Commons” – a large meeting space under the vaulted skylight.


The building has a pergola of lightweight aluminum trellis wrapping its exterior. The pergola not only adds character, but reduces the solar load on the building by 30%. It also has an operable roof, made of two sets of 46 aluminum louvers, which use the power of hydraulic pistons to move in relationship to the sun, and which can be fitted with solar panels. The operable roof helps to shade the skylight of the Commons from direct sunlight and to maximize daylight to the space.


Visible from the adjacent Interstate 4, the futuristic building has become a well-known feature in the local area and has already appeared in an ad campaign for a major automobile manufacturer, who used it as a backdrop for its commercial.


When designing the campus’ master plan, Calatrava made the most of the unique topography of the central Florida area. The campus lake offers dramatic views and serves as the primary storm water retention facility and as a storage vessel for site irrigation. The campus is connected by a series of pedestrian causeways and walkways, as well as a road circling the lake buffered by trees and greenery.


Santiago Calatrava said, “I am honored to have been involved in this project dedicated to the study of science, technology, engineering and math – a set of subjects so crucial to our society and our economy. I am proud of what we have all achieved and I hope the young people that study here will be inspired to be creative and to meet their potential.” Calatrava added, “Working with the visionary university leadership and amongst the enthusiastic Lakeland community has been a privilege and I wish everyone associated with this project the best of luck in coming years.”


Randy K. Avent, President of Florida Polytechnic University, said, “We’re extremely excited to be launching our new university this month. Santiago Calatrava has produced an inspiring learning facility, and we can’t wait to welcome our inaugural class for this first academic year. This is an institution and campus that all of us in Lakeland and across the state of Florida can be proud of.”


Bâtiment de l’innovation, de la science et de la technologie (IST)

BEGA en tant que Lighting.

Le « Innovation, Science and Technology Building (IST) » de l’Université polytechnique de Floride se dresse à Lakeland, à environ 80 kilomètres au sud-ouest d’Orlando. Malgré son aspect très technique, le bâtiment ovale à deux étages s’intègre étonnamment bien dans le splendide paysage et le lac qui l’entourent.

Le complexe abrite les bureaux de la faculté, des salles de cours ainsi que la toute première bibliothèque universitaire entièrement numérique équipée d’ordinateurs pour la consultation de 135 000 e-books. La construction de ce complexe futuriste a coûté près de 60 millions de dollars US.

Deux galeries encadrent l’ovale du bâtiment, l’une située au rez-de-chaussée et l’autre au premier étage. Les projecteurs à LED BEGA s’inscrivent parfaitement dans la structure filigranée des murs et des plafonds qui entourent les accès. La journée, ces plafonds s’animent d’intéressants jeux d’ombres. Pendant la nuit, les projecteurs au flux lumineux puissant et intelligemment orienté plongent les salles du bâtiment dans une lumière homogène et agréable.

Deux grands escaliers situés aux deux extrémités de l’ovale permettent d’accéder aux pièces maîtresses du bâtiment à l’étage supérieur : la bibliothèque polyvalente et les salles de cours des étudiants avec leurs hauts plafonds ajourés de longues fenêtres spectaculaires.

Les hauts-jours filtrent la lumière du soleil grâce à un système complexe de stores motorisés en aluminium qui peuvent être relevés ou abaissés tels des ailes gigantesques. Ce système protège le bâtiment des rayons du soleil et empêche ainsi le réchauffement excessif de ses pièces. Les ailes de la structure du toit se composent de 94 lamelles réglables individuellement. Une fois tous les stores abaissés, la lumière du jour qui pénètre dans l’intérieur du bâtiment est encore suffisante et projette toute une série d’ombres géométriques sur le sol.

La structure du bâtiment se compose essentiellement d’aluminium, de béton et de verre. La nuit, l’intérieur des encastrements d’arceaux en aluminium qui forment la pergola sont illuminés par des projecteurs BEGA.

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